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marine science student trying to understand the chaotic blue marble we call home. coffee required.

A biome is a community of plants and animals that live together in a certain kind of climate. Let’s take a look at the different biomes highlighted by NASA, and one habitat that we simply cannot ignore.

Photo: NASA (colors correspond to borders of biome collages)


The climate of the poles. Tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturia, meaning “treeless plain”; it is the coldest of the biomes.

In honor of Women's History Month.

The more we learn about these fascinating women in history, the more we can (and should) share their accomplishments. Too often have men taken the credit for their female associates’ work. It’s time to set the record straight.

Mary Anning

Photo: Wiki commons.

In 1811, she discovered the first complete fossil of a dinosaur, specifically, an ichthyosaur in the cliffs near her home. I recently learned about her in the incredible film Ammonite.

Rosalind Franklin

Last month, I republished an article I wrote in 2019 about the collapse of the Vale mine in Brazil.

Today, I wanted to discuss the billion-dollar payout that followed this terrible incident.

The top goons at Vale were convicted in July of 2019. Part of that agreement was the decision that an eventual payout would be made. Well, earlier this month, they decided on an amount.

But the $7bn (£5bn) payout isn’t the only thing I’m interested in. Big companies, like Vale, are quick to damage the environment and slow to aid in fixing it. As is the case for…

Mars has been in the news a lot over the past few weeks. Last week, the UAE and China put satellites of their own into Martian orbit. Today, the United States landed a mission of our own.

The opportune exploration window to launch to Mars is pretty small, occurring approximately every two years, when the distance between the two planets is the shortest. The Perseverance mission was successfully launched on 30 July 2020 and landed earlier today, 18 February 2021. …

This article is from my old blog, was originally published on 1 February 2019, and has been slightly edited for this upload. Next week, I’ll discuss how recovery is going two years after the fact.


In January of 2019, an iron ore mining dam in Brumadinho, Brazil collapsed and released tonnes of potentially toxic waste across the mine and neighboring communities, killing over one hundred people with hundreds still missing. The company that owns the mine, Vale SA, is the largest producer of iron ore in Brazil. They are also responsible for two dam collapses in four years. Five individuals…

And how to implement it into everyday living.

Photo: Jan Piatkowski / Unsplash.

I want to preface this by saying that big words like “sustainability” or “spirituality” cannot and do not have a single definition. If you were to ask ten friends and ten strangers what they believe sustainable living looks like, every answer would be different. We need to understand that there is no one “right” answer when discussing policies that will impact 7.8 billion people who exist on the same planet.

Ok? Moving on.

In the past few decades, sustainability has become a hot button issue; a word that gets endlessly thrown around by corporations and environmental activists alike. One problem…

One reason why I am no longer enamored with my home country, and the passport it provides, is that our global image is becoming less powerful. That concept of a powerful global image is why the most powerful passport on this list surprised me more than I would like to admit.

What didn’t shock me so much?

“The world’s three most desirable passports are all from Asia. Passports from 16 countries provide more visa-free access than a US passport.”

Leaving a country because it no longer has international access or respect may sound like a crazy overreaction to some. To…

What happened this week will change our country forever.

6 January 2021. The day American Democracy cracked.

Rioter hangs from wall inside Capitol chambers.
Photo: Win McNamee / Getty Images

What happened

Trump has been telling us for weeks to “Be there, will be wild!”.

After four years, I am shocked that no one in a high position of security took him seriously. In cases like this, I would think it better to be overprepared than underprepared as forces clearly were.

No-one was there to stop these crazed individuals from marching down Pennsylvania Ave., up the Capitol steps, climbing the walls, breaking windows, and sowing chaos in one of our countries most treasured buildings. It’s disgusting. …

Here’s what I learned.

This was my first ever published writing challenge. I’ve tried NaNoWriMo and 365 challenges before, but never with the accountability of an entire platform behind it.

I agree with Shaunta Grimes when she says that challenges can be life-changing. I wanted to push myself, and this challenge definitely did that.

Let’s discuss what I learned, what I did and didn’t do along the way, and if I would do the whole thing again.

Photo: Lisa Fotios / Pexels.

Things I didn't do

If you’re eagle-eyed, you may notice that the footers in my challenge have noted 44 total posts. …

A poem for the new year.

New beginnings feel so fresh,

like a quiet spring breeze.

Dream big, young one.

With time, you will see,

the best is yet to come.

Photo by author.

Happy New Year everyone! I hope 2021 brings peace & vitality.


Thanks for reading! This is part of my 44 days of writing series. (40/44)

You can find the record here.

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